[49] Since the turn of the century, mainline U.S. carriers have increasingly deployed the type on transatlantic routes to Europe, and particularly to smaller cities where passenger volumes are insufficient for wide-body aircraft. [110] When equipped for extended-range operations, the 757 features a backup hydraulic motor generator and an additional cooling fan in the aircraft's electronics bay. [134] Both lower holds can be equipped with a telescoping baggage system to load custom-fitted cargo modules. [98] The wings are largely identical across all 757 variants, swept at 25 degrees, and optimized for a cruising speed of Mach 0.8 (533 mph or 858 km/h). [118][119], The 757 was produced in standard and stretched lengths. [148][149] Due to its greater length, the 757-300 features a retractable tailskid on its aft fuselage to avoid tailstrikes. [68][90] The Tupolev Tu-204, a narrow-body twinjet introduced in 1989 with a design similar to the 757's,[91] is offered in a 200-seat version, which has seen limited production for mainly Russian customers. [56] A 1982 sales demonstration was unable to attract a purchase from potential customer Japan Airlines,[45][57] and the first Asian customer, Singapore Airlines, sold its four 757s in 1989 in favor of standardizing on the 240-seat wide-body Airbus A310, just five years after debuting the type on Indonesian and Malaysian routes. The Boeing 757 was produced in three main variants. The 757-300 is a 23.4 ft (7.1 m) stretched version of the -200, that first flew in August 1998. [49] Nepal Airlines' 757-200M, which features Rolls-Royce RB211-535E4 engines and an increased MTOW of 240,000 pounds (109,000 kg), was the only production example ordered. Join us. [43] Many European charter airlines, including Air 2000, Air Holland, and LTU International,[45] also acquired the twinjet for holiday and tour package flights in the late 1980s. It cruises at a speed of 530mph and has a range of 2800 miles. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) classifies all variants based on the 757-200 under the code "B752", and the 757-300 is referred to as "B753" for air traffic control purposes. [7][8] These features were also included in a parallel development effort for a new mid-size wide-body airliner, code-named 7X7, which became the 767. [115] In 2000, with wheeled carry-on baggage becoming more popular, Delta Air Lines began installing overhead bin extensions on their 757-200s to provide additional storage space,[116] and American Airlines did the same in 2001. [45][49][120], In October 2010, Pemco World Air Services and Precision Conversions launched aftermarket conversion programs to modify 757-200s into 757 Combi aircraft. This version was designated the 757-200 and became the definitive version, forming the large majority of 757 sales. The Airbus A318 Vs The A321 – What Are The Key Differences? They looked at a 757X which would be a longer-range version but this met with little interest. [42] After 1,380 flight test hours,[44] the RB211-powered 757 received U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certification on December 21, 1982, followed by UK Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) certification on January 14, 1983. British Airways and (defunct) Eastern Airlines were Boeing’s primary launch customers for its new 757 aircraft. If you like us, please share with your followers. [20][101] A ram air turbine is fitted to provide power for essential controls in the event of an emergency. Mach 0.86 (496 kn; 918 km/h), *Overlapping production times like between the 747-400 and the 747-8 have been decided in favor of newer models, Data from Boeing, through the end of production, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 18:24. Delta is the largest with 138 aircraft in its fleet. [43] The production aircraft was 3,600 pounds (1,630 kg) lighter than originally specified, and recorded a three percent better-than-expected rate of fuel burn. There was to be a 757-100, but this was seen as a doubling up on the territory already covered by the Boeing 737. Passenger 757-200s have been modified for cargo use as the special freighter (SF). [49][70] The first 757-300 rolled out on May 31, 1998, and completed its maiden flight on August 2, 1998. [9] Work on both proposals accelerated as a result of the airline industry upturn in the late 1970s. The first offering was the 757-200 which was by far the most popular model with 913 having been produced out of a total of 1,050 altogether. Boeing is currently marketing a new stretched variant of its long-serving 737 — called the MAX 9 — as a potential replacement for the 757. Quite an experience. When referring to different versions, Boeing, and airlines are known to collapse the model number (757) and the variant designator (e.g. [129] Other engines used include the Rolls Royce RB211-535E4B, along with the Pratt & Whitney PW2037 and PW2040. The 757-200, the most widely ordered version of the aircraft,[45] has formed the basis for these applications. [62][64] The 757 became the only sub-300,000-pound (136,000 kg) airliner to be classified as a "heavy" jet, alongside wide-body aircraft, under FAA separation rules. [63] Other tests were inconclusive, leading to debate among government agencies, and in 1994 and 1996 the FAA updated air traffic control regulations to require greater separation behind the 757 than other large-category jets. A record-breaking 27 months from launch to certification saw the 757-300 rollout of the factory on 31 May 1998 and take its maiden flight on 02 August 1998. [113] The 757-300 has been operated by mainline carriers Continental Airlines (now part of United Airlines), Northwest Airlines (now part of Delta Air Lines), and Icelandair; other operators have included American Trans Air (the first North American operator),[152] Arkia Israel Airlines, along with charter carriers Condor and Thomas Cook Airlines. [62] Both airplanes had been flying less than 3 nautical miles (6 km) behind a 757. [37] The aircraft, equipped with RB211-535C engines,[37] completed its maiden flight one week ahead of schedule on February 19, 1982. The standard tail section finally adopted enabled a larger passenger capacity as it removed the more tapered rear fuselage design. [13] European charter carriers were particularly interested in a higher-capacity version which could take better advantage of the 757's range. [42] This resulted in a range increase of 200 nautical miles (370 km), and prompted Boeing to tout the aircraft's fuel efficiency characteristics. [39] The type was produced with two different door configurations, both with three standard cabin doors per side: the baseline version has a fourth, smaller cabin door on each side aft of the wings, and is certified for a maximum capacity of 239, while the alternate version has a pair of over-the-wing emergency exits on each side, and can seat a maximum of 224. – Wanay Govinder. [73][74] Airlines were again gravitating toward smaller aircraft, now mainly the 737 and A320, because of their reduced financial risk. The Boeing 757-200 is a twin-engine short-to-medium-range jetliner incorporating advanced technology for exceptional fuel efficiency, low noise levels, increased passenger comfort and top operating performance. It was their only single-aisle airliner that so far had not been offered in a stretched version. Some interest was shown by United Airlines who provided input for the 727-300. but this died out after a while as airlines were more interested now in the new high by-pass turbofan engines which would not fit the 727 tri-jet. [47] Early operators noted improved reliability and quieter performance compared with previous jetliners. [109] Similar pilot viewing angles as the 767 result from a downward sloped cockpit floor and the same forward cockpit windows. A package freighter (PF) variant entered service in September 1987 and a combi model in September 1988. [94], In February 2015, Boeing marketing Vice President Randy Tinseth stated that re-engining the 757 had been studied but there was no business case to support it. [192], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, MTOW, sea level, 86 Â°F (30 Â°C), RB211-535E4B engines. [45], The 757-200M, a convertible version capable of carrying cargo and passengers on its main deck, entered service with Royal Nepal Airlines in 1988. [72] By November 1999, faced with diminishing sales and a reduced backlog despite the launch of the 757-300, Boeing began studying a decrease in 757 production rates. United Improving 757 Capacity with Slimline Seats. services. [101] A basic form of fly-by-wire facilitates spoiler operation, utilizing electric signaling instead of traditional control cables. On 01 January 1983, they performed the first scheduled service from Atlanta to Tampa. 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