IFS = $ '\n'; echo " ${array[*]} ") Note the switch to "${array[*]}" from "${array[@]}" (the "quoting" is important!). Bash Associative Array (dictionaries, hash table, or key/value pair) You cannot create an associative array on the fly in Bash. These index numbers are always integer numbers which start at 0. To iterate over the key/value pairs you can do something like the following example # For every… You can traverse through the array elements and print it, using looping statements in bash. @nath declare -p is just a quick way to make bash print the real array (index and contents). Print the Whole Bash Array. The values of an associative array are accessed using the following syntax ${ARRAY[@]}. There are the associative arrays and integer-indexed arrays. As a quick example, here’s a data table representing a two-dimensional array. echo "${array[@]}" Print all elements as a single quoted string Hi Guys, I have an array which has numbers including blanks as follows: 1 26 66 4.77 -0.58 88 99 11 12 333 I want to print a group of three elements as a different column in a file as follows:(including blanks where there is missing elements) for.e.g. However, with simplicity very often comes limitation. In Bash, there are two types of arrays. You can only use the declare built-in command with the uppercase “-A” option.The += operator allows you to append one or multiple key/value to an associative Bash array. I've added one value with spaces: foo=() foo[12]="bar" foo[42]="foo bar baz" foo[35]="baz" I, for quickly dump bash arrays or associative arrays I use. Elements in arrays are frequently referred to by their index number, which is the position in which they reside in the array. Bash arrays have numbered indexes only, but they are sparse, ie you don't have to define all the indexes. If the index number is @ or *, all members of an array are referenced. This one line command: paste <(printf "%s\n" "${!foo[@]}") <(printf "%s\n" "${foo[@]}") Will render: 12 bar 35 baz 42 foo bar baz Explained newlines in this case). bash documentation: Accessing Array Elements. How can I print array elements as different columns in bash? When writing a bash scripts most of us by default use echo command as means to print to standard output stream. To access the keys of an associative array in bash you need to use an exclamation point right before the name of the array: ${!ARRAY[@]}. Bash does not support multi-dimensional arrays, but there is a way to imitate this functionality, if you absolutely have to. An entire array can be assigned by enclosing the array items in parenthesis: arr=(Hello World) Individual items can be assigned with the familiar array … You don't need this declare -p command in your real script. Arrays in Bash. echo is easy to use and mostly it fits our needs without any problem. Any solution that tries to handle the output of declare -p (typeset -p) has to deal with a) the possibility of the variables themselves containing parenthesis or brackets, b) the quoting that declare -p has to add to make it's output valid input for the shell.. For example, your expansion b="${a##*(}" eats some of the values, if any key/value contains an opening parenthesis. Using [@] each element of the array is expanded into a separate quoted argument, while [*] expands to a single quoted argument of all elements -- with each element separated by the first character of the IFS variable (i.e. array … Print all elements, each quoted separately. This is also the case with echo command. 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