Several reports (see, for example, "Future Directions for NSF Advanced Computing Infrastructure to Support U.S. Science and Engineering in 2017-2020"; "21st Century Computer Architecture"; "The Future of Computing Performance: Game Over or Next Level? --- Computer and Information Science and Engineering. The intent is that these efforts will foster the development of principles that lead to rigorous and reproducible methodologies for the design and implementation of large-scale systems and that simultaneously streamline reasoning about their correctness and accuracy, security, and privacy. email: fergun@nsf.gov, Anindya Banerjee, Program Director, Performance Metrics and Scalability Analysis October 10 – 11, 2002, Par.Comp Workshop at IIT-Delhi 2 v Requirements in performance and cost v Performance metrics v Work load and speed metrics v Communication overhead measurement Analysis v Theoretical concepts on Performance and Scalability • Phase Parallel Model Institutions of Higher Education (IHEs) - Two- and four-year IHEs (including community colleges) accredited in, and having a campus located in the US, acting Scalable web app principles.      Division of Computing and Communication Foundations For example: 1. Cross-cutting concerns such as performance (including, but not limited to, resource usage and energy efficiency), correctness and accuracy (including, but not limited to, emerging techniques for program analysis, testing, debugging, probabilistic reasoning and inference, verification), security and privacy, domain-specific design, and heterogeneity must be taken into account from the outset in all aspects of systems design and implementation. In the context of cloud computing, there are significant concerns about security and privacy. Parallelism Profile in Programs 1.1.1. There is a need to develop principles of design and implementation to bestow such applications with high performance and extreme scalability, while simultaneously optimizing their power footprints and permitting a broad range of resource usage behaviors that may differ across components of the applications and phases of their workflows. The last line of the overview section in the Project Summary should consist of the word "Keywords" followed by a colon and between 2-6 keywords, separated by semi-colons. Intuitively, adding more capacity to an application component should increase the component’s performance. The former encompasses applications that themselves span many problem domains and associated computation styles. 2. The Project Description must contain, as a separate section within the narrative, a section labeled, “Focus Areas” that must (a) explicitly state at least four areas covered along with senior personnel with commensurate expertise; (b) describe the targeted distributed applications and systems, and the heterogeneous platforms on which they run; (c) define relevant notions of scale, and describe how scalability will be theoretically and experimentally evaluated with respect to the full hardware/software stack while accounting for cross-cutting concerns such as rigorously-proven correctness and accuracy, security, and privacy; and (d) provide preliminary evidence of end-to-end scalability of one or more of the targeted applications in (b), based on proposed theories and abstractions. To that end, reviewers will be asked to evaluate all proposals against two criteria: The following elements should be considered in the review for both criteria: Broader impacts may be accomplished through the research itself, through the activities that are directly related to specific research projects, or through activities that are supported by, but are complementary to, the project. To what extent are the relevant notions of scale described along with the description of how scalability will be theoretically and experimentally evaluated with respect to the full hardware/software stack while accounting for cross-cutting concerns such as rigorously proven correctness and accuracy, security, and privacy? CISE/CCF, For FastLane or Research.gov user support, call the FastLane and Research.gov Help Desk at 1-800-673-6188 or e-mail fastlane@nsf.gov or rgov@nsf.gov. Irregularity may arise, for instance, from multiple sources within advanced scientific applications and the cause of irregular workloads may vary across applications -- it may arise owing to the need to run multiple dissimilar operations in parallel, or it may arise owing to trends in modern computer architectures, such as dynamic power management, heterogeneous nodes (e.g., some with GPUs or other accelerators), and deep memory hierarchies. (703) 292-2216, The computer performance is measured by the total time needed to execute application program. How well qualified is the individual, team, or organization to conduct the proposed activities? NSF staff will use this information in the merit review process to manage reviewer selection. Gustafson’s law for scaled problems, Memory Bounded Speedup Model. Proposal budgets must not exceed $250,000 for Planning grants. Please see the full text of this solicitation for further information. In an economic context, a scalable business model implies that a company can increase sales given increased resources. Other budgetary limitations apply. All NSF projects should be of the highest quality and have the potential to advance, if not transform, the frontiers of knowledge. The Grants.gov Contact Center answers general technical questions related to the use of Grants.gov. Systems incorporating a variety of specialized components form heterogeneous platforms that are very powerful but also make application development more difficult. Program Director, However, the field of parallel and distributed systems faces a number of existing and emerging challenges that must be overcome to meet the diverse and rapidly increasing computational requirements of new, larger, highly distributed applications. (703) 292-8061, More comprehensive information on NSF Reporting Requirements and other important information on the administration of NSF awards is contained in the NSF Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures Guide (PAPPG) Chapter VII, available electronically on the NSF Website at https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=pappg. 2 and . for additional information on the review process.). When evaluating NSF proposals, reviewers will be asked to consider what the proposers want to do, why they want to do it, how they plan to do it, how they will know if they succeed, and what benefits could accrue if the project is successful. Failure to provide full and complete information, however, may reduce the possibility of receiving an award. Degree of Parallelism The number of processors used at any instant to execute a program is called the degree of parallelism (DOP); this can vary over time. The Collaborators and Other Affiliations are entered for each participant within each proposal and, as Single Copy Documents, are available only to NSF staff. Third, security is an understudied aspect of extreme-scale systems that is critical in de-centralized or privacy-sensitive settings such as edge computing and the public cloud. Large or particularly complex proposals or proposals from new awardees may require additional review and processing time. LARGE Grants: Up to $1,000,000 per year with duration up to 5 years . To this end, systems are increasingly being implemented by composing heterogeneous computing components and continually changing memory systems as novel, performant hardware surfaces. Mary Smith; XYZ University; PI Inclusion of voluntary committed cost sharing is prohibited. So, when you ask yourself how to build a scalable web application, make sure that the following principles form its basis. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, an information collection unless it displays a valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) control number. While current solutions include a transition to new computational fabrics that may offer future increases in performance, the highest-performance computing systems are still very specialized -- customized in the hardware, algorithms, and abstractions underlying the software -- to fit the exact organization and requirements of the application at hand. 7.6 Granularity and Performance • Use less than the maximum number of processors. Nice resources you pointed out there! Standard NSF reporting requirements apply. In analysis,Requirements validation, Requirements management. Authors; Authors and affiliations; Alex Alves Freitas; Tutorials. Working Principle and Performance of a Scalable Gravimetric System for the Monitoring of Access to Public Places . Performance measures Speedup laws Scalability principles 6. 26-Sep-02: Chapter 3: Principles of Scalable Performance. A comprehensive description of the Foundation's merit review process is available on the NSF website at: https://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/merit_review/. telephone: Both criteria are to be given full consideration during the review and decision-making processes; each criterion is necessary but neither, by itself, is sufficient. Proposals submitted in response to this solicitation may not duplicate or be substantially similar to other proposals concurrently under consideration by NSF. Applicable Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s): Anticipated Type of Award: Standard Grants and Continuing Grants. Probably the most important principle for building scalable system is that, if you need your system to exhibit this characteristic, you have to design it in up front. (703) 292-8017, This could be responding to more user requests, executing more work or handling more data. Programming Languages and Compilers: Heterogeneity is one of the thorniest emerging challenges for programming languages and compilers research and takes at least two forms: domain heterogeneity and systems heterogeneity. CISE/IIS, This list should be numbered and include (in this order) Full name, Organization(s), and Role in the project, with each item separated by a semi-colon. The objective of the Principles and Practice of Design of Scalable Systems (PPoSS) program therefore is to build a community of researchers who will work symbiotically across multiple topics to perform basic research on scalability of modern applications, systems, and toolchains. Scalable Web Design – Principles and Patterns Speaker : Sachin Prakash Sancheti Principal Architect – Cloud (Windows Azure) 1 2. If a LARGE proposal does not include a Management and Coordination Plan of up to 3 pages, the proposal will be returned without review. Keywords should be of the type used to describe research in a journal submission. The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent Federal agency created by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (42 USC 1861-75). telephone: Reviewers will be asked to evaluate proposals using two National Science Board approved merit review criteria and, if applicable, additional program specific criteria. Computing systems have undergone a fundamental transformation from the relatively isolated single-processor systems to large-scale distributed and networked systems within a span of a few decades. NSF funds research and education in most fields of science and engineering. Performance. At the simplest level, scalability is about doing more of something. See System of Record Notices, NSF-50, "Principal Investigator/Proposal File and Associated Records," and NSF-51, "Reviewer/Proposal File and Associated Records.” Submission of the information is voluntary. Chapter 1. Scalability of Performance. CISE/CCF, Verbatim copies of reviews, not including the identity of the reviewer, will be provided automatically to the Principal Investigator. To what extent are the relevant notions of scale described along with the vision of how scalability will be theoretically and experimentally evaluated with respect to the full hardware/software stack while accounting for cross-cutting concerns such as rigorously proven correctness and accuracy, security, and privacy? Latency, throughput, etc NSF programs, projects, in the proposal ) required Data solicitation further... Number of awards, and anti-patterns are derived from these principles will be returned without review and creative... 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