Where It was the rainbow Goddesses job to collect for the swearing solemn oaths. Updates? The Greek goddess of rainbows is Iris. Family of Iris. Family of Iris. Iris was one of the first deities to ally themselves to Zeus, Poseidon and Hades. Iris was a very special goddess and was extremely important to the ancient Greeks and in the stories of other Greek gods and goddesses. In fact, in Homer’s “Iliad,” she is the only one relaying messages from Zeus – and, once, Hera – to other gods or mortals, with Hermes being given the much smaller role of guide and guardian. She carried messages from heaven to earth on the arc of the rainbow, and was a companion to female souls on the way to heaven. Her Roman equivalent is Discordia, which means the same.Eris's Greek opposite is Harmonia, whose Roman counterpart is Concordia. Iris is shown with wings, a ( kerykeion ) herald's staff, and a pitcher of water. Iris was the messenger to the gods and mortals. Iris was the Greek goddess – or, better yet, personification – of the rainbow, and a messenger for the gods. Origins and Genealogy: Her … The Ancient Greeks combined these two functions in Iris, since, as a meteorological phenomenon, the rainbow appears to connect heaven and earth, and, by extension, it was only suitable that its spirit should serve as the link between the gods and the mortals. During the Titanomachy, Iris was the messenger of the Olympian gods while her twin sister Arke betrayed the Olympians and became the messenger of the Titans. Her parents were Thaumas and Electra. Iris the Goddess of the Sky, the Sea and Rainbows. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Iris The Greek Goddess Myths Iris Appearance Greek mythology states Iris is the messenger for the gods and goddess and the personification of the rainbow. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Iris-Greek-mythology. During the war, Iris would act as a messenger between Zeus and the Hecatonchires and Cyclopes. Iris was to be found during the Titianomachy, the war between the Olympians and the Titans. She was often described as the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. When looking at Greek statues, she is … In Greek mythology it is believed that if you throw a drachma (Greek currency) into a rainbow you can communicate with anyone anywhere (like the Skype of ancient times). Iris was one of the few Olympians who was able to travel to the underworld. The clouds caught the tears from the eyes of Iris, and quickly made ready for her the glorious rainbow bridge, reaching from Dreamland to the wonderful Garden of the Gods. Iris was a swift messenger goddess in Greek mythology and a popular subject for vase painting, but better known as the goddess of the rainbow because Hermes (Mercury) is known as the messenger god. This Goddess had no specific myths of her own or temples dedicated to her. According to Greek mythology, Iris was the goddess of rainbows and is often considered a messenger goddess as well. In Virgil’s “Aeneid,” Iris is explicitly portrayed as Hera’s envoy. That the myths contained a considerable element of fiction was recognized by the more critical Greeks, such as the philosopher Plato in the 5th–4th century bce. However, already in the “Odyssey,” the role of the divine messenger is taken by Hermes in its entirety, and Iris is never mentioned. The first major temple dedicated to Isis was built by the Late Period king Nectanebo II (360–343 bce) at Behbeit el-Hagar, in the central Nile delta.Other important temples, including the island temple of Philae, were built during Greco-Roman times when Isis was dominant among Egyptian goddesses.Several temples were dedicated to her in Alexandria, where she became the patroness of … Iris was a very special goddess and was extremely important to the ancient Greeks and in the stories of other Greek gods and goddesses. She is along side madness when she shakes her fist and curses Heracles. However, she wasn’t this protective of her fraternal twin Arce (a goddess of the faded rainbow invented at a later date), since she sided with the Titans during the Titanomachy. Hera is attended by her handmaiden Iris. Talking about Iris, she was a swift messenger goddess in Greek mythology and a famed subject for vase painting but she is better known as the goddess of rainbow. It is because Hermes (Mercury) is called the messenger god. But she is mentioned as a beautiful goddess with golden wings and pretty winged sandals. Iris frequently appears in Homer’s “Iliad,” relaying messages to Helen, scolding gods for meddling in the Trojan War against Zeus’ orders (especially Poseidon) or encouraging Achilles to retrieve the body of his dead friend Patroclus from the battlefield. However, she didn't get this attitude from herself, it was her loving and kind friends who showed the the support of fulfilling her dreams, as she thought she was a powerless goddess of the rainbow, to slide on one instead of make them. She was shown serving wine to the gods or escorting them to the wedding of Peleus and Thetis. During this period, Iris is reported as performing many vital tasks, such as informing Menelaus of Helen’s abduction or even autonomously granting Achilles’ prayers and summoning the winds to ignite the funeral pyre of his friend Patroclus. The daughter of Thaumas and Electra, she’s sadly deficient in followers.. One day over the rainbow she used to bring Hera’s messages to mankind, but now spends most of her time stuck on Greek vases waiting to be noticed as bypassers gabble into their cell phones.. Once her courier service for Hera and Zeus was second to none. Probably because of the connection between rainbows and rain, Greek Mythology iOS Volume Purchase Program VPP for Education App, Rainbow, Talaria (winged sandals), Kerykeion (messenger’s staff). Iris was the daughter of the sea god Thaumas and the Oceanid Electra. Her foe is Demeter. In Hesiod’s works, at least, she had the additional duty of carrying water from the River Styx in a ewer whenever the gods had to take a solemn oath. Iris, the winged goddess of the rainbow, stands holding a herald's wand (kerykeion) in one hand and an oinochoe jug in the other. Iris flies on wind and moves just like a blast of bright air. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). This Goddess had no specific myths of her own or temples dedicated to her. According to the Greek poet Hesiod, she was the daughter of Thaumas and the ocean nymph Electra. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Iris is also the goddess that Iris was the goddess of messages, communications, and rainbows. She is the goddess of the rainbow. She wore wings on her shoulders and usually carried a pitcher in one hand. Iris: GreekMythology.com - Jan 11, 2021, The Original Messenger: Iris Compared with Hermes, At a later date, the poets tried differentiating between the functions of. This ancient Greek flower has a story, and that story is that of the goddess Iris. Iris, in Greek mythology, the personification of the rainbow and (in Homer’s Iliad, for example) a messenger of the gods. Iris had golden wings and Arkhe had iridescent ones. Zephyrus, who is … She was a granddaughter of Gaea (the goddess of Earth) and the sea god Pontus. She saw a figure with perfectly styled hair, enchanting blue eyes and his little smile. Myths are…, Greek mythology, body of stories concerning the gods, heroes, and rituals of the ancient Greeks. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. However, she didn't get this attitude from herself, it was her loving and kind friends who showed the the support of fulfilling her dreams, as she thought she was a powerless goddess of the rainbow, to … And her son is Pothos (god of passion). The clouds caught the tears from the eyes of Iris, and quickly made ready for her the glorious rainbow bridge, reaching from Dreamland to the wonderful Garden of the Gods. Iris' symbols were the Rainbow, the Talaria (winged sandals) and the Kerykeion (messenger’s staff). Iris loved to help poor mortals, and tears filled her eyes when she heard how this lonely woman longed to see the one she loved so well.